Key players to the YBA movement
Damien Hirst – Artist
Jay Jopling – Famous Gallerist
Karsten Schubert – Gallerist
Nick Serota – Gallerist of Tate Modern
Sarah Lucas – Artist
Saatchi – Collector and Gallerist
Michael Craig Martin – Lecturer at Goldsmiths college
Tracey Emin – Artist
The movement tended to develop from pretty much everythin that came before it. It had the anarchy of dada, the sell-yourself power, and the themes of Pop Art, the inventiveness of surrealism and all in the most amazing place ever, Britain. Apologies for these notes but they were cyberly scribbled down while watching three videos on the BritArt phenomenon. However, I feel I completely understand how it works and how it all came to develop over the years. That is,, except for the bits were the video cuts out at the end and I cry. Anyways ENJOY.
Goldsmiths college, charles brought together students, huge percentage of them became utterly famous. The group of people worked SO well together. Mike = glamourous, sought after
Damien Hirst, drank a lot, Michael Landy(artist) Hirst promoted himself all the time, wld hair, a bit smelly supposedly, mounted a group show independently from the college – Freeze, unprecidented in professionalism. They had the idea about getting in the art world RIGHT NOW. Energy to create art. Space was extremely harsh and bad looking, inspired by the Saatchi gallery. Ambitious, Michael Landy got well wasted
Anya burns her leg, goes to hospital, Sarah Lucas found it as a turning point. Angus Fairhurst, Bullitholl by Matt Collenshaw – shocking image, questions morality.
work was so good, people wouldn’t go to these things, saatchi bought them from freeze.
Angela Bulloch, became famous but she didnt like the fame and saw it as being annoying, she went out with Damien Hirst, then divorced the group.
Karsten Schubert, was keen to get involved, set up a gallery, it subsidised all the activities of the YBA for two years, auctiond, the YBA didn’t like poshness etc, which disagreed Karsten who hired a royal, Lady Helen Taylor.
Magnolia Doors bought, New York gallery bought, sent Sarah Lucas and someone to New York. Anya Gallachio works wit flowers, then they died.
Most of the artists have no gallery, Damien’s life folded differently, he lived with Carl Freedman, Billie Selman Sharp was doing ancient history, best friends. Lived in industrial wasteland, which was reclaimed by the Millenium temple thing. They formed an art company and get more money. Damien and Karschen were going to join forces, after six months. instead Hirst made their art business. Billie made the money, dresses up swishes in and is generally amazing, raised 20000 pouds!!! 2000 people turned up to the first warehouse show. Modern Medicine.
Rachel Whiteread didnt go to Goldsmiths but became closely associated when she joined Karschen, used negative space. Saatchi bought a piece. The team work on a new exhibit, the GAMBLER.
Insectecutor, this is a large glass tank where Hirst shows the fragility and commonness of death. It includes:
one half cows head, born, passing through holes, eat and then get electrocuted. STENCH, smell of death, 1000 years was bought by Saatchi. Saatchi discovered the British artists, it excited him and he got well into it. The piece is incredible and shows exactly what artists usually just imply, it was this blunt edge that gave Hirst a place in the art world.
and then the video cuts out, well thats quite gutting.
but i hear from the “previously on Brit Art” in the next episode that Karsten had to close his gallery, Jay Jopling helped to make Mark Quinn blood head and Damien Hirst to make shark.
Damien was not press shy, which is why he became such a famous artist. YBA exhibition, Damien Whiteread famous people, very important exhibit. Observer magazine, day in the life of Damien, good friends with Jay. £200 on cabs a week. contemporaries had more modest resources. Sarah Lucas, uses food in her work and generally creates funny work.
Saatchi goes to see 15 shows manifestations a morning he’s incredibly interested in works now. Penis nailed to a board joint collaboration with Gary Hume. Sarah’s show inspired Emins and they became friends.. She was unsociable with good reason. Carl was very in the scene, and Tracey Emins stole his shirt.
KARSTEN NEW GALLERY, smaller space brought the artists with him. Michael Landy works on new works scrapheap services, after leaving the gallery. He spent three years collecting rubbish, believes his life getting to the end of his project. He was obsessed, on nights out he collected rubbish.
Gary said no to the hanging of his work in the Karsten. Matthew Marx says something and this woman tanja says she likes it. Sarah Lucas included in second show with Mark Quinn blood thing, Sarah wanted a more low key project cos she didnt want to be part of the art world commercially. Tracey didnt want to do art, so they bought a shop called the Birds. The shop was a complete success, Tracey sends you four letters for £10. ash tray with a picture of damien hirst for £5, open six days a week. All night saturday, very social, few drinks etc etc.
Sarah left Gary during this time. He was gutted cos he loved her, but went out got drunk and shagged.
Gillian Waring part of the second wave of artists from Goldsmiths.
Gillian is amazing, her last name is……………………….. Waring. Her work with signs and dances in public. NOTHING SOLD, except one dancing tape. Nowadays it is extremely valuable. Hirst flies in financial climate, makes an extremely expensive work of art, he cuts cows in half, and its very sad. He is now convinced with a formula for success
Jay Jopling spent money on a young israeli artist Itai Doron, “story of Mr D” Jopling makes it amazing. Jopling is thinking about his amazingness and a tiny square white room. Jay is the head of the gallery, no artist must exhibit there twice. Nothin got sold. Saatchi could have bought it, but he didnt. Doron left London.
Whiteread builds House, was such a political statement, untruded on Rachel’s life. went into hiding. She got nominated for the turner prize. The K foundation gave £40000 to the worst artist of the turner prize, it was Whiteread. She also won the prize. They are mean. House was a temporary piece which was knocked down, it was the negative space of a house in a area which was being knocked down. There was a huge debate whether it should be kept up or demolished and in the end was knocked down to make way for a housing scheme. The concpetual element to this piecce is to do with how we interact with the piece and how we utilise space and stuff.
First of the YBAs to win the Turner Prize.
Factual Nonsense, a place created by Joshua Compston, strange gallery, opens the fate worse than death when artists do market stalls. Angus Fairhurst is miserable clown. Damien also did it, spin painting. £68000 sold for £1 and they got signed. Damien flashes people.
Jay Jopling signs Tracey Emin, Emins not excited cos she doesnt want to be an artist. She did it though. Carl Freedman, makes it look as if she cares for them, even though she doesnt. Very personal works. Gary Hume extremely weary.
Chapman brothers stretches boundaries of taste, and are signed by Jay. People are horrified. Charles buys it.
1995 Minky Manky, BritArt show Carl Freedman
Brilliant! is first major BritArt show in America, changes how the world sees British artists. Julia Royse and Jay got married, its weirrrrrd, but supposedly not that weird. Karsten stops trawling around to get everyone and goes for a few people. And he can;t sell things and he’s bad at money. Anya leaves the gallery and is told off by Karsten. Whiteread says she’s going to leave.
And then THIS VIDEO CUTS OUT!!!!
Saatchi wanted to promote his collection so exhibited in the Royal Academy. He’s enthusiastic and Senstaion was the name of it. Saatchi owns far too much, only a twentieth of his stuff exhibited, definitive collection of the period. Charles needs to own things before he can show them, his own principles.
LAndy’s and Emin’s pieces bought cos they were needed to complete the exhibition. Wearing bought, Collishaw bought, he became obsessed with the hanging of it. nutcase supposedly. Mira Hyndley painting made up of handprints grafftied with spray ink and then egged, two men arrested. Press coverage surprised artists, cos people were interested. 300000 people came to see. The artists were becoming part of the establihment.
The end of the chapter or the book. The artists didn’t want an exhibiton, it marked the end to YBA, 1987-1997 RIP. Show travelled from London to New York. Ofili included in the exhibition. HUGE SCANDAL as mayor of New York wanted to close the museum for putting elephant dung on an important religious symbol (virgin Mary) he had no problem with the many bad things on the painting though (genitalia). It has more to do with the political climate that is in New York, senator race between Juliani and Hilary Clinton. Wouldn’t have made the impression it did without the publicity. Marc Quinn realises the actual craziness of the exhibition – enormous for the exhibit.
Controversy brewing about Wearing’s work. Advert strikes resmblance to Tend to sixteen? Saatchi bought this to include in sensation. Wearing furious, saatchi never bought anything from her subsequently. Emin also refusing to sell anything that she made. Saatchi had to get a private person to buy her tent. The tent “Everyone I ever slept with” is a piece which notes everyone that Tracey Emin has ever slept with, both sexually and in the same place. It is meant to make the audience think who they have slept with and does this by encouraging them to come into the tent with an open door. The reason it is a tent is because of the connotations tents have with sleeping, it also can only fit two people in. Saatchi supposedly helped put Thatcher into power and Emin doesnt want anything to do with him. They get on though, weird.
1997, she became amazingly important. Gillian Wearing wins the Turner Prize, Emin has to have finger amputated. She was incredibly hyped on painkiller drigs. Went to the Turner prize. Emin was drunk on TV, so very very drunk. Tracey leaves the studio and went to her friends at a bar. Wearing told her that she was well wasted, amnesia.
Its the repeat of punk. Emin gets as much publicity as Hirst. Tracey and Hirst enjoy the publicity thing, personlaity important in that. Alex James writes song with Hirst “Vindaloo Vindaloo” crossover between art and music.
The Groucho Club, more and more celebs were drawn into the scene. Andy Warhol factory kind of feeling. Made it great to be inspired and everyone influenced by each other. Celebrities start to collect art. Elton John, Courtney Love. Jopling wife and husband are put number seven on most desired guests at a party. Jay and Sam have a baby, and then she finds out she has colon cancer. She is fine. Sam nominated for Turner Prize, but Chris Ofili wins. Everyone who doesnt win gets really excited after the turner prize, brings out the worst in the Britis press.
Sarah Lucas turns down the nomination for the turner prize. Emin nominated in 1999, her bed calls a furory in the press. Steve McQueen wins the turner prize this year. Bed is sold for 200000 and Emin throws the hut in as well.
Things that make art: The artist says it is, the tate says it is, the meaning behind the work.
Saatchi buys on bigger sale and pays record prizes, he buys Hell by the Chapaman brothers-half a million pounds, Damien Hirsts hi, an exact enlargement of a childs toy, he bought it for a million pounds. Jay has hundreds of artists, he is ruthless and extremely charming. Jopling opens a second gallery, white cube squared. fashionable hoxton in londons east end. Sam Taylore Wood has to be followed up every three months for cancer things, JAy visits her in studio with tears rolling down his cheeks, face as white as a sheet.
And AGAIN the video ends before the actual ending. Will check up on websites to what happened at the end of the YBAs. two seconds.
OKay according to Tate, YBAs covered several things and the name disguised crazy changes in how art worked. Hirst disassociated himself with Saatchi and a storage room that Saatchi owned caught fire and several important pieces from the era were destroyed, most notably, Emin’s tent, and the Chapman Brothers Hell. This is a good end point to the YBA movement, but some people see the movement as continuing into today.
see you sooooooooon loverssss